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Fast Facts:

  • A boar has 4 continually growing tusks can become razor sharp and grow to almost 5 inches. These tucks are used for defense.

  • Wild boars are considered the most intelligent animal in the woods.

  • Russian boars were brought to the United States in the late 1800s. They are now found in 19 states.

Russian Boar

Scientific Name: Suidae suis scrofa
Status: Stable
Range: Russia and the United States
Habitat: Timbered areas of forests and marshy areas
Diet: Omnivores eating small birds, eggs and plants
Size: Length: 5.5 feet
Height: 34 inches
Weight: 400 pounds
Lifespan: 6 years
Print Fact Sheet Russian Boar

Special Features:

  • The boar will develop a 1 inch thick layer of cartilage and scar tissue called a shield along his neck and chest back to the last rib to protect it during battle.
  • They have a keen sense of hearing and smell.
  • Their eyesight is hindered since it cannot raise its head like other wild life to see over vegetation.
  • Boars wallow in mud or cool areas to reduce body heat since they cannot sweat, to prevent sunburn and to repel insects.
  • Found in large herds called sounders with up to 100 members.

Social Structure & Behavior:

Breeding/Care of Young:
Wild males reach sexual maturity at 18-24 months old while females reach maturity at 1 year. Sows are in estrus every 21 days and are receptive only 48 hours. A sow can produce up to 2 litters per year with 4-6 piglets in each litter. Gestation is 115 days.

Young wild boars are born with yellowish-brown coats with distinct dark stripes along the back providing camouflage. Stripes disappear after 4 months.

Wild sows will babysit for each other caring for the piglets while the other sows go off to eat.

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