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Fast Facts:

  • Guinea pigs live in captivity for four to six years, sometimes longer.

  • Most guinea pigs that live in the wild have long brown or gray fur. In captivity, though, their fur can be long or short, and they can be many different colors.

Guinea Pig

Scientific Name Cavia porcellus
Status Although domestic guinea pig populations are stable, wild populations are in immediate need of conservation efforts.
Habitat In the wild, guinea pigs live in burrows in the ground.
Diet Guinea pigs are herbivores, which means they eat plants. In the wild, guinea pigs will come out of their burrows at night to feed on vegetation and plant materials.
Size Guinea pigs are small animals, in the wild and in captivity. Their body is usually 10 to 14 inches long, and they often weigh one to three pounds.
Lifespan Guinea pigs live in captivity for four to six years, sometimes longer.
Location No longer on grounds.
Print Fact Sheet Guinea Pig

Special Features

Baby guinea pigs are born with open eyes and with fully developed fur and teeth. Although females have only two teats, an average litter can be anywhere from two to four offspring.

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